Tutorial Disabilities


General Disabilities Included amongst the general disabilities that can be classified are, amongst others, visual impairments, amputations, paraplegia, spasticity, short stature, acampsia of joints, neurological dysfunctions as well as intellectual impairments. Disabilities are however not to be confused with illnesses. An impairment that can be classified may also be a consequence of an illness (e.g. Multiple Sclerosis and the resulting movement impairments).


It refers to a malformation of limbs at birth, often as a result of a genetic defect but sometimes due to poisoning caused by, for instance, medicaments in pregnancy.


It refers to a genetically inherited underdevelopment of an organ, part of an
organ or tissue which results in functional deficiencies.

Macular Degeneration

It refers to a group of medical conditions of the retina. See also Morbus Stargardt or Cone Dystrophy.

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Paraplegia can be complete, incomplete, traumatic (due to injury) or hereditary.

Spina Bifida

It is a birth defect of the vertebral column and spinal cord. It often leads to a palsy of the lower extremities.

Stargardt’s Macular Dystrophy

See also Morbus Stargardt.

Rotationplasty (Borggreve modification)

The affected part of the thigh and knee joint is amputated, often due to a tumor. The ankle joint is rotated 180 degrees and attached to the former knee joint, thus becoming a new knee joint.

Cone Dystrophy

See also Macular degeneration or Morbus Stargardt.